terça-feira, 19 de setembro, 2017

Growing of castor oil plant for biodiesel languishes in Northern Minas

The expectation of profit, the disappointment. This was the outcome that the Castor planting project in Minas for the supply of raw material for Biodiesel plant of Petrobras, in Montes Claros, brought to small rural producers. The installation of the manufacturing plant in the North of Minas was surrounded by promises of employment and income for the region, giving a fresh impetus to family agriculture. The idea was reinforced by President Luiz Inácio da Silva to inaugurate the industry, on 6 April 2009, next to your Minister of mines and energy, Dilma Rousseff. However, to go into production, the biodiesel plant switched to using other raw materials are cheaper, especially soybean oil, brought other mining regions and even from other States, which condemned to failure castor oil crops. With the announcement of the biodiesel plant, made official by Lula in December 2005 at an event in Montes Claros, the euphoria with the "new deal" was such that the castor bean came to be called the Green gold of the outback miner. The city of Montes Claros, then commanded by Mayor Athos Avelino, disclosed that the industry would generate 15000 jobs in the countryside. In addition to Montes Claros, biodiesel plants were opened in Candeias (BA) and in Quixadá (CE). The former coach of the technical assistance of Rural Extension (Emater-MG) Reinaldo Nunes de Oliveira coordinated a program created by the State organ for the planting of castor oil as a biodiesel feedstock. Today retired, the consultant says he alerted at the time Petrobras technicians about the viability of the project. He tells about 10000 small producers from 50 municipalities in the North of Minas Gerais and Vale do Jequitinhonha signed contracts with Petrobras, aimed at the cultivation of Castor, reaching 30000 hectares planted. However, as it was not feasible the use of raw material, within a short time, farmers have had to stop planting soybean, for failing to sell the production. The last Castor plantations were made in 2015/2016, when Petrobras suspended once the purchase of oleaginous small farmers. Decline the downfall of crops of beans for biodiesel is perceived in surveys by the national supply company (Conab), an indentation of the planting in any country of the order of 11.9% on harvest 2016/2017 (28000 cultivated acres) compared to the previous one. "In Minas, unmotivated by the failure of the biodiesel program, few farmers cultivate Castor, more precisely in the northern part of the State, whereas the remaining areas have your Castor chemical industry production", describes the report Conab. Only two cities still rely on the planted areas of species, but with the record of 66.7% losses in production. "The impression we have is that the project of producing biodiesel with the use of castor oil was made by executives of staff who do not know the reality," says Arun. The consultant says that pointed out the possibility of failure of the project at the time because of a characteristic of the species. Despite the high content of oil, castor oil has a very low productivity in semi-arid, due to lack of rainfall. In this case, before the implementation of the project, according to the consultant, should have been made to increase the productivity of the plant. The coach remembers that castor bean upland in Northern Mines reached an average productivity of 1500 pounds per hectare. "To be viable as raw material for biodiesel, the culture should have achieved least 8000 kilos per hectare," said Reinaldo. In addition, he reports that even with Petrobras supplying seed kits and fertilizer, the price established in the contracts was not attractive to the farmer on the basis of production costs. According to Reinaldo, the farmers of Northern Mines involved in the project have reached 30000 hectares of Castor plant. To have enough production to supply the biodiesel plant, the region should reach at least 200,000 hectares planted soybean. Another barrier was the difficulty of logistics with the lack of a mill for the production of castor oil in the North of Minas Gerais. With that, the oleaginous was taken to be taken and crushed in the interior of Bahia. Then, the oil was transported to Montes Claros, which raised the cost of raw materials for industry.
EM - 19/09/2017 Noticia traduzida automaticamente
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